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Part Four

Lucy Terry Prince (1730-1821) First woman to argue before the Supreme Court in 1785

Andrew Bryan (1737-1812) Clergyman, founder of first black Baptist church in Georgia

Jean Baptiste Pointe Du Sable (1750?-1818) Pioneer, founder of Chicago

Joshua Johnston (1765?-1824?) Popular portrait painter in the 1800's

Josiah Henson (1789 - 1883) Preacher, founded a settlement for fugitive slaves in Canada

Lewis Temple (1800-1854) Inventor, improved the whaling harpoon

William Alexander Leidesdorff (1810-1848) Businessman, sailed the first steamship into San Francisco Bay

Biddy Mason (1818-1891) First African American landowner in Los Angeles

Elizabeth Taylor Greenfield (1819-1876) First African American to perform for royalty

Elizabeth Jennings (1830-?) Educator, challenged the bus system in New York 100 years before Rosa Parks

Blanche K. Bruce (1841-1898) First African American nominated for Vice President in 1880

Henry O. Flipper (1856-1940) First African American graduate of West Point

Scott Joplin (1867-1917) Musician, King of Ragtime

Garrett A. Morgan (1875-1963) Inventor of the gas mask

Mary McLeod Bethune (1875-1955) Educator, first African American woman to serve as head of a Federal Agency

Florence Price (1888-1932) African American classical composer in the 20th century

Eugene Jacques Bullard (1894-1961) First African American fighter pilot in World War I

Elizabeth (Libba) Cotton (1892-1987) African American folk singer and song writer

Dr. Percy L. Julian (1899-1975) Chemist, inventor, developed a treatment for glaucoma

Marian Anderson (1900?-1993) First African American to perform at the Metropolitan Opera

Charles Richard Drew (1904-1950) Scientist, physician, developed a system to preserve blood

Victoria Regina Spivey (1906-1976) African American woman to found a record label

Leroy "Satchel" Paige (1906-1982) First Negro League player inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame

Cab Calloway (1907-1994) Musician, writer of the Hepster's Dictionary

Jesse Owens (1913-1980) African American sprinter, won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympic Games

Shirley Chisholm (1924-) First African American woman elected to Congress

Charles Sifford (1922- ) First African American to win a major golf tournament

Guion Stewart Bluford (1942- ) First African American astronaut in space

Aretha Franklin (1942- ) Singer, The Queen of Soul

Alice Walker (1944- ) First African American to win a Pulitzer Prize for fiction


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