Stephen Estebanico (1500-?) First African explorer to set
foot in the United States. He arrived with Spanish explorers in
1528 – 100 years before Plymouth Rock.
Pearse (? - 1673) A Black Pilgrim who appeared in the public
records the Plymouth Colony from 1627, until his death in 1673.
Attucks (1723-1770) The first of five men killed in the
American Revolution in 1770.
Banneker (1731-1806) Astronomer and Mathematician. He helped
plan the city of Washington, DC in 1791.
Estabrook (1740 - 1830) First African American soldier.
Gardner (1746 - 1826) First African American classical
Wheatley (1753-1784) First African American to publish
a book of poetry, in 1773.
(Francis) Johnson (1792 - 1844) First African American
to publish sheet music.
Delaney (1812 - 1885) Highest ranking black officer during
the Civil War.
"Box" Brown - (1815 - ?) Mailed himself to freedom
in a box.
Tubman (1820 - 1913) Freedom fighter, nurse, scout and
spy, she led hundreds of slaves to freedom on the Underground Railroad.
Rhoades Revels (1822 - 1901) First African-American Senator.
Lewis (1845 – 1911?) First African American sculptor.
King Taylor (1848 - 1912) African American army nurse in
U.S. history. Her memoirs Reminiscences of My Life in Camp were
published in 1902...a Moment to Remember. It is the first and only
written record of active black nurses during the Civil War.
T. Woods (1856 – 1910) African American inventor
known as the “Black Edison.” He improved the safety
of our nation’s railroads and held the first patent for the
T. Washington (1856 - 1915) Founded the Tuskegee Institute
in Macon County, Alabama. The first African American to receive
an honorary doctorate from Harvard.
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (1856 - 1931) Performed the first
open heart surgery on July 10, 1893.
Wells-Barnett (1862 - 1931) Journalist, abolitionist, lecturer,
she was one of the founders of the NAACP and established the first
black women's suffrage club.
Washington Carver (1864 - 1943) Scientist, botanist and
educator. He created 300 products from the peanut.
Alexander Henson (1866 - 1955) First person to stand at
the top of the world.
Carter G. Woodson (1875 - 1950) Father of Black History.
He founded the first Negro History Week in February, 1926.
Coleman (1892 - 1926) First African American women to obtain
an international Pilot’s license in 1920. Known as “Brave
Bessie”, she flew as a stunt pilot in shows all over the country.
Revere Williams (1894 -1980) First African American architect
elected to the American Institute of Architects. Known as “architect
to the stars,” he designed homes for Cary Grant, Frank Sinatra,
Lucille Ball and others.
Kennedy "Duke" Ellington (1899 - 1975) Musician,
bandleader and composer. However, from the early 1940s, he was also
active in the emerging civil rights movement.
Calloway (1902 - 1973) The first African American female
to lead an all male-band. She was the older sister of musician Cab
Parks, Sr. (1912 - ) Photographer, filmmaker, writer and
composer. He was the first African American to direct a major Hollywood
film "The Learning Tree," in 1969.
Miller (1919 - 1943) The first hero of World War II at
Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941.
Roberts Harris (1924 - 1985) The first African American
woman cabinet member. In 1977, she was Secretary of the Department
of Housing and Urban Development (HUD).
King (1925 - ) "King of the Blues." B.B. King
is one the most successful blues men to emerge from the Memphis
Angelou (1928 - ) The first African American woman to produce
a screenplay "Georgia, Georgia" in 1971. In 1993, she
was the first African American to compose and read a poem at a Presidential